Cancer risks in Check: The biggest risk factors that you can avoid

Almost half a Million people ill in Germany every year of cancer. In many cases a genetic predisposition is to blame, in other cases, the diet, the unhealthy kilos to much on the hips, the life-style. FOCUS Online makes the risk in Check.

226.000 people have died according to the Robert Koch-Institute in Germany in 2014 to cancer, twice as many new ill. More recent Figures are not yet available. But the tendency is clear: The Numbers increase year-on-year. Diagnosed physicians 1999 diseases still less than 400,000 malicious tumor, were the least affected of 75,000 additional patients. For 2030, the German cancer research center (DKFZ) relates to up to 600,000 new cases. "It is not talking exaggerated that we diseases, a Tsunami of cancer ahead of us haben", share the specialists.

The reasons why tumor cells multiply more and more bodies uncontrollably and healthy tissue, destroy, are many and varied. Some of you are in the genome, in the of the parents, inherited genes justified. Other this is the only way, how we live, eat, drink, move and are, therefore, preventable. What are the biggest cancer risks are and how you can reduce your risk.

1. Overweight

Overweight have many saved as a risk factor for Diabetes, cardiovascular disease or premature wear, such as in the knee,. The Extra increase of pounds, the risk of cancer, among many, appreciated, however, Jan Steffen Jürgensen, Medical Director of Klinikum Stuttgart says. “There is a clear correlation between Obesity and cancer risk, which is proven to extremely well.”

The International cancer research Agency (IARC) estimates that Obesity increases the risk for at least 13 types of cancer.

These include:

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Liver cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Gallbladder cancer
  • Cervical cancer
  • Kidney cancer

Everyone would be normal weight, could only be in Germany per year approximately 25,000 cancer avoided, declared the German cancer society. Especially dangerous is the fat around the mid-body is, according to the DKFZ. Because the belly fat from a variety of messenger substances to the environment, the inflammation in the body cause and the effect of Insulin decrease. Some of them are considered to be growth factors that bring other cells to divide more frequently than usual. Thus, they are a potential cause of tumors.

Consequence: pay Attention to a healthy body weight. An indication of whether your weight is a concern, the Body Mass Index (BMI). This is calculated as: body weight in kilos divided by the square of height in meters. (An example: A woman weighs 67 pounds and is 1,70 meters tall. 1.70 x 1,70 = 2,89; 67 : 2,89 = 23,2)

The German obesity is society, according to the following classification:

  • below 18.5: underweight
  • 18.5 to 24.9: normal weight
  • 25 to 29.9: Overweight
  • 30 to 34.9: obesity (Obesity) grade I
  • 35 to 39.9: obesity grade II
  • over 40: obesity grade III

From a value of 25, the risk of cancer increases.

In addition, the waist size is relevant, because here the belly is taken fat more than BMI. As a guide, dimensions apply according to the German cancer society: women should not exceed a circumference of 80 centimeters, for men, the maximum limit of the waist is 94 cm.

Everything beyond that is associated with an increased risk for secondary diseases. From 88, or 102 centimeters, the experts of belly fat speak to is looking for. This increase the risk for subsequent diseases, such as cancer, even significantly.

In order to reduce or maintain weight, recommends that the European code against cancer in addition to a healthy diet at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise per week or 75 minutes of strenuous exercise.

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2. Unhealthy Diet

Every third cancer in Western countries, the world health organization (WHO) leads back, in the meantime, on the dietary habits of the patients. It is not only the quantity of what we eat, but the food that ends up on our plates.

As particularly harmful to be considered:

  • red meat
  • processed meat products such as sausages, Salami or ham
  • Grill meat
  • Milk in large quantities

All of them are according to the WHO, the suspicion, the risk of cancer "wahrscheinlich" to increase. Sausages are even considered "karzinogen", so as a food, which are scientifically proven that they may cause cancer.

However, the WHO also lists foods that can reduce the risk of developing cancer.

These include:

  • fiber-rich whole-grain products
  • Legumes such as peas, beans or lentils
  • Fruit such as grapes or blueberries
  • Vegetables such as mushrooms, tomatoes or broccoli

Consequence: Avoid processed meat, eat little red meat (a maximum of 500 grams per week) and avoid, as far as possible, high-salt food. Also, products with high fat or sugar content, you should omit the best.

You can also read:

  • "We eat us krank": Doctors calls for "artgerechte" Diet

3. Alcohol

Those who drink alcohol increase their risk of cancer. Furthermore, physicians and researchers today agree. The IARC is one alcohol of the ten most important health risks – in relation to cancer.

The reason is that alcohol is converted in the body into acetaldehyde. This bonds with other molecules is common, which can lead to mutations and thus also cancer, says the cancer society.

As a particularly influential alcohol is forms of this cancer:

  • Oral cavity cancer
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Liver tumors
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Breast cancer in women

Consequence: best don’t drink alcohol. Who can’t leave a glass of beer or wine once in a while, for should the following limits: men should not take according to the German nutrition society (DGE) per day more than 20 grams of pure alcohol. This corresponds approximately to a half a litre of beer or a quarter liter of wine.

In women, the limit is 10 grams of pure alcohol a day, so a quarter of a liter of beer or one eighth of a liter of wine.

4. Smoking

That Smoking is a poison for the organism, know meanwhile every. Nevertheless, too many people smoke in Germany, and Smoking do in order to "most important avoidable risk factor of Krebsentstehung", the DKFZ explained. "The relationship between tobacco consumption and lung cancer is particularly striking. In Germany, nine out of ten men and probably in women for at least six out of ten lung cancer attributable to active Smoking." However, not only lung cancer associated with Smoking, the risk for various other forms of cancer increases by consumption of tobacco.

The risk is higher, the more cigarettes a smoker, consume a daily basis, the sooner he got started Smoking and the longer he smokes. The differences between cigarettes, cigars, pipes or hookahs are less than most assume.

More on the topic of Smoking and its hazards:

  • Vaping hurts less than Smoking: How dangerous are E-cigarettes really?
  • Risk factor Smoking: How you can recognize throat cancer and how to prevent

Especially water pipes, many citing it as less dangerous than normal Cigarette. However, the health risks are, according to experts similar to that of traditional cigarettes. "Even tobacco pipes-free Water, at which Komsum, among other things, herbal mixtures or gels are used, carcinogenic or toxic substances frei", the DKFZ explained.

Consequence: you will Hear, if possible, with the smoke on. The waiver of the tobacco-your body will thank you after a comparatively short period of time, experts are sure. "Long-term cancer patients, not Smoking tolerated most of the treatments better: wounds heal faster, medicines burden on the metabolism far less, and in pain a lot of lower amounts of painkillers do not help smokers, because the body is busy with the processing of nicotine ist", the cancer experts explain.

Ten to 20 years after the last Dump down the risk of cancer significantly. The lung cancer risk in half within ten years, if a Patient with the Smoking quit.

5. Too much sun

UV radiation is carcinogenic, the knowledge of not only researchers, but also the most German. Nevertheless, many lie still carelessly in the sun, at least in the holidays, often without adequate sun protection by sizzle. The artificial light in the Solarium of the skin harm in a sustainable way.

Because: "UV-radiation energy is rich enough to verursachen&quot to damage to the genetic material (DNA);, the DKFZ explained. "Minor changes in DNA patch repair enzymes normally again. In the case of recurrent UV-Overdose permanent damage to the genetic material, called mutations, however, caused. These changes are happening already, before a visible sunburn." Damaged cells don’t die off severe, can result to skin cancer.

The Fatale: A limit up to which UV-radiation for the organism are harmless, there are, according to the experts. The radiation exposure be cumulated over the course of the life, the skin won’t forget. An age at which the UV radiation is not bad, also it will not give.

Consequence: Protect your skin with sunscreen. Adults should use at least sun protection factor 20, for children a minimum of SPF 30. In addition, you should avoid the midday sun between 11 and 15 o’clock. Then, the radiation exposure for the skin at its greatest. Provide additional protection for particularly coated UV clothing, sun hat and sunglasses.

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6. Viruses

Viruses are a flat rate of cancer. Under certain circumstances, but can predispose them to cancer.

This research centre, according to the German cancer:

  • Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)
  • Human Herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) or Kaposi’s sarcoma Herpesvirus (KSHV)
  • Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)
  • Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)
  • Human T-cell leukemia Virus type 1 (HTLV-1)
  • The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCV or MCPyV)
  • Human papilloma virus (HPV)

The most frequently referred to: cancer diseases are due to Human papilloma virus. Experts estimate that every year approximately 7,700 people in Germany are diagnosed with HPV-related cancers. Many of these cases of illness could, however, be using the HPV-vaccination can be avoided. The Standing Committee on vaccination (STIKO) recommends vaccination against human papilloma virus for all girls and boys aged 9 to 14 years. The cost of health insurance.

Consequence: you, in consultation with your doctor, and especially their children are vaccinated. The once-in-a distance of five months to repetitive prick offers a nearly one hundred percent protection against infection with the most common cancer-causing viruses, and is well tolerated. A booster vaccination is not necessary. About a Million doses of the vaccine only a side effect with most non-threatening symptoms, comes.

With Material of the dpa

You can see in the Video: a New method against cancer, researchers are attacking "Achillesferse" of the tumors to

FOCUS Online/Wochit you will See in the Video: a New method against cancer, researchers are attacking the “Achilles heel” of tumours