Rise of measles cases across the world prompts UN warning of ‘complacency’ amid fears the killer infection is spiralling out of control
- After not having a single measles case in 2017, Brazil recorded 10,282 last year
- UNICEF has warned future generations face ‘disastrous’ consequences
- The children’s health organisation warns vaccinations must increase
Measles surged around the world last year and experts have warned it is a ‘wake-up call’ for more people to vaccinate their children.
Children in the future could face ‘disastrous’ health problems if the deadly infection is allowed to spiral out of control.
The number of people who caught measles last rose by 50 per cent worldwide, UNICEF has revealed, with 98 countries reporting an increase.
Some 136,000 people died of the infection, which is more contagious than Ebola, despite there being an extremely effective and cheap vaccine.
Growing numbers of people dangerously refusing to vaccinate their children – anti-vaxxers – are one of the main reasons for the illness spreading.
Ukraine saw 30,000 more cases of measles in 2018 than it did in 2017, while Brazil had more than 10,000 people diagnosed compared with none at all the year before
UNICEF – the United Nations’s children’s agency – has issued a warning that ‘complacency’ is leading to the rise.
Ukraine, the Philippines and Brazil suffered the biggest increases in measles cases.
Brazil didn’t record a single case in 2018 but had 10,262 in 2018, while Ukraine saw an increase of more than 30,000 to a total of 35,120.
The other countries with the biggest increases were Yemen, Venezuela, Serbia, Madagascar, Sudan, Thailand and France.
‘This is a wake-up call,’ said Henrietta Fore, executive director of UNICEF.
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‘We have a safe, effective and inexpensive vaccine against a highly contagious disease — a vaccine that saved almost a million lives every year over the last two decades.
‘These cases haven’t happened overnight.
WHICH COUNTRIES SAW THE BIGGEST SPIKE IN MEASLES CASES LAST YEAR?
‘Just as the serious outbreaks we are seeing today took hold in 2018, lack of action today will have disastrous consequences for children tomorrow.’
Measles, which is most deadly for children, begins as a blotchy rash and fever and usually only lasts for a week or two, but it can be fatal.
If untreated the virus can lead to life-threatening complications such as hepatitis, meningitis, nerve damage or brain swelling.
The number of children having MMR vaccinations – which are given free by the NHS in the UK – has been falling for years.
Data in September last year revealed uptake in was at its lowest level since 2011 after falling for the fourth year in a row.
Some 91.2 per cent of children in England are being vaccinated, fewer than the 95 per cent needed to stop the virus spreading through a community.
Measles is more contagious than Ebola and, although it usually clears up on its own within a couple of weeks, can cause deadly complications like meningitis and pneumonia
And the World Health Organisation has said ‘vaccine hesitancy’ is one of the 10 most serious threats to global health.
‘Almost all of these cases are preventable and yet children are getting infected even in places where there is simply no excuse,’ said Ms Fore.
‘Measles may be the disease, but all too often the real infection is misinformation, mistrust and complacency.’
WHAT IS MEASLES, WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS AND HOW CAN YOU CATCH IT?
Measles is a highly contagious viral infection that spreads easily from an injected person by coughing, sneezing or even just breathing.
Symptoms develop between six and 19 days after infection, and include a runny nose, cough, sore eyes, a fever and a rash.
The rash appears as red and blotchy marks on the hairline that travel down over several days, turning brown and eventually fading.
Some children complain of disliking bright lights or develop white spots with red backgrounds on their tongue.
In one in 15 cases, measles can cause life-threatening complications including pneumonia, convulsions and encephalitis.
Dr Ava Easton, chief executive of the Encephalitis Society told MailOnline: ‘Measles can be very serious.
‘[It] can cause encephalitis which is inflammation of the brain.
‘Encephalitis can result in death or disability.’
Treatment focuses on staying hydrated, resting and taking painkillers, if necessary.
Measles can be prevented by receiving two vaccinations, the first at 13 months old and the second at three years and four months to five years old.
Source: Great Ormond Street Hospital
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