Healthy diet: Some foods increase the risk for cancer
In the past few years, a significant increase of cancer was registered diseases in Germany. According to health experts, a large part of the cases of cancer is due to an unhealthy lifestyle with too little exercise and poor diet. Certain foods increase risk of cancer is particularly strong.
Number of cancer diagnoses doubled in Germany
According to experts, approximately 14 million people are diagnosed annually worldwide from cancer, about 8.8 million people die of it. Also in Germany there are more and more new Cancer cases. The number of new Diagnoses has doubled in this country since 1970, almost. According to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) is about developing every second German citizen, sooner or later. Blame have, among other things, the widespread lack of exercise and unhealthy diet.
A large part of the diseases would be preventable
The reasons for the emergence of cancer are varied: familial predisposition, pre-existing conditions or randomly mutated cells can play a role.
But there are also a number of preventable factors. Published last year, British scientists, in a study came to the result that about four out of ten cancer cases could have been prevented if the Patients had maintained a healthier lifestyle.
Come to similar conclusions experts of the world health organization (WHO): they estimate that about a third of the cancer to lack of exercise and unhealthy nutrition is due.
In order to reduce the personal risk of cancer, in principle, it is useful to have a healthy life style to adhere to.
Especially important is regular exercise, Avoiding Obesity, avoiding Smoking and a healthy diet.
Institutions such as the International Agency for research on cancer (IARC) of the WHO or the European food safety authority (EFSA), cancer risks are classified. They are based on many years of studies.
The Stiftung Warentest has examined the current state of research and on “test.de” an Overview of foods to increase the risk of cancer is particularly strong.
Meat and sausage consumption reduce
Processed meats such as cured sausage that is classified by the WHO as a “carcinogen”. The frequent consumption increases the risk for colorectal cancer.
Certain bacon and ham varieties as well as red meat can cause cancer, as studies have shown.
The Stiftung Warentest recommends to eat as little as possible sausage and a maximum of 500 grams of red meat per week.
Milk and sugar
Milk could also be problematic. According to the nutrition report of 2012, the German nutrition society (DGE) increased calcium from milk and dairy products in very high quantities in men may be the risk for prostate cancer.
“Test.de” it is therefore advised that men should not take more than 1.5 grams of calcium per day. This is the amount that is included in about 1.25 litres of milk, or 140 grams of hard cheese.
Little milk is to be recommended apparently. According to the report, 0.2 to 0.8 liters can protect the day, possibly before colorectal cancer and in women before breast cancer.
Sugar is not a direct, but an indirect risk because it can lead to excessive consumption to Obesity.
According to health experts, Obesity increases the risk for at least 13 types of cancer. According to the disease probability increases above a Body mass Index of over 25.
The experts advise, sweets, consume only in special moments and to drink water instead of soda. In addition, the BMI should be kept in the eyes.
The BMI can be calculated by dividing the body weight in kilograms by the square of height in meters. With a BMI of between 25 and 30 a Person is considered overweight, and over 30 as obese (obese).
Alcohol also affects the risk of cancer.
According to a study, at least seven different types of cancer, promote – in the mouth and throat, esophagus, and breast, as well as in the gut and liver.
The risk can only be achieved by abstinence on and off. The more alcoholic drinks are consumed, the more harmful. It plays no role whether it is champagne, beer, wine, or liquor.
Particularly critical is the so-called noise is drink. In addition, the cancer is increased risk of additional Smoking, because alcohol makes the oral mucosa to tobacco pollutants permeable, explains the Stiftung Warentest.
Who does not want to completely abstain from alcohol, should heed the advice of scientists, according to which women should take a maximum of one drink (0.1 litre of wine or 0.3 l of beer) per day. And men should not drink more than two Drinks per day.
There are, however, not only foods that increase the risk of cancer, but also those that reduce the risk.
As was shown in a scientific study, that organic foods lower the risk of cancer.
In General, it is also recommended to integrate plenty of fruits, vegetables, legumes and whole grain products into the meal plan. Because these provide important fiber and phytonutrients, which stimulate the digestion and strengthen the immune system.
“According to estimates, the cancer risk is reduced in people who eat mainly foods of plant origin, 11 per cent”, to quote the tester WHO. (ad)