Type 2 diabetes can be a 'devastating diagnosis' says expert
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Your blood sugar levels, also known as blood glucose levels, are a measurement that show how much glucose you have in your blood. Hyperglycaemia is not the same as hypoglycaemia, which is when a person’s blood sugar level drops too low. Hyperglycaemia can be potentially dangerous if blood sugar levels become very high or stay high for long periods.
Doctor Kemi Fab, from the Superfoods Company Ltd, said that kombucha with apple cider vinegar can help lower blood sugar levels.
The doctor said: “Apple cider vinegar, a fermented cider, has been shown to have an antidiabetic effect as the acetic acid (vinegar) may lower blood glucose levels.
“It has shown efficacy in aiding weight loss and reducing appetite, reducing visceral fat, and lowering blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels.”
Doctor Kemi added: “These attributes help prevent chronic disease that predominate in perimenopause and during menopause, as a steep decline in estrogen can precipitate weight gain, visceral or abdominal fat deposition, cardiovascular disease and diabetes.”
In a recent study, published in the British Journal of Nutrition, scientists from Tate & Lyle, working with specialist data analytics company Crème Global, found that reformulating everyday foods with added fibre could reduce the risk of cardiovascular and type 2 diabetes risk for 72 percent of the adult population.
It notes that UK adults consume just 19g of fibre per day on average, significantly under the recommended amount of 30g, with only nine percent currently meeting the daily target.
The glycaemic index (GI) is a rating system for foods containing carbohydrates. It shows how quickly each food affects your blood sugar (glucose) level when that food is eaten on its own.
Some low GI foods, such as wholegrain foods, fruit, vegetables, beans and lentils, are foods we should eat as part of a healthy, balanced diet.
However, “using the glycaemic index to decide whether foods or combinations of foods are healthy can be misleading”, says the NHS.
The health body says that symptoms of hyperglycaemia in people with diabetes tend to develop slowly over a few days or weeks, though “in some cases, there may be no symptoms until the blood sugar level is very high”.
Diabetes UK says: “Your blood sugar levels go up and down throughout the day and for people living with diabetes these changes are larger and happen more often than in people who don’t have diabetes.”
Hyperglycaemia can affect people with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, as well as pregnant women with gestational diabetes.
In people with diabetes, hyperglycaemia can be triggered by stress, being ill, not getting enough exercise or eating too much.
The NHS notes that if you have diabetes, “no matter how careful you are, you’re likely to experience hyperglycaemia” at some point.
It adds: “Occasional mild episodes are not usually a cause for concern and can be treated quite easily or may return to normal on their own.”
Diabetes UK says that if you take certain medication, like insulin or sulphonylureas, checking your blood sugars is a “vital part of living with diabetes”.
The charity adds that more and more people with diabetes are choosing to use a flash glucose monitor to check their sugar levels, which is a sensor you wear on your skin and that you don’t have to prick your finger to use.
The health body says: “Hyperglycaemia, or a hyper, can happen when your blood glucose (sugar) levels are too high – usually above 7mmol/l before a meal and above 8.5mmol/l two hours after a meal.”
It says that there are different types of diabetes, and no two people with diabetes are the same, “so there isn’t a one-size-fits-all ‘diabetes diet’ for everyone with diabetes”.
The NHS says that type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1, and in the UK, around 90 percent of all adults with diabetes have type 2.
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