Dementia: The mental health disorder that quadruples your risk of dementia – study warning

This Morning: Ben Miller admits to being 'ashamed' of his OCD

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This may well cause you to ask: “What is OCD?”

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, or OCD for short, affects as many as 12 in every 1,000 people according to OCD UK.

It is a common mental health condition with three main elements.

These three elements are obsessions, emotions and compulsions.

Obsessions are unwanted, intrusive and distressing thoughts, images and urges that enter the person’s mind.

This obsession causes an emotion, most often feelings of intense anxiety or distress.

This emotion can then create a compulsion such as repetitive behaviours or acts that a person with OCD feels they must perform.

The problem is that whilst this compulsion relieves the emotion, the obsession soon returns and the cycle starts again.

OCD can have a significant impact on the lives of people who have it, so it’s important to seek help and support those who have it.

There are two main ways to get help.

They are referring yourself to a psychological therapies service or to see your GP who can then refer you.

You can also phone the Samaritans and there are multiple helplines to guide you through what can be a difficult experience.

You can’t change if you have OCD or not, but there are factors you can control that can help reduce your chances of developing dementia.

As with the symptoms, there is no one cause for all types of dementia and no complete scientific understanding that would facilitate the development of preventative treatments.

Nevertheless, there are things we can all do to reduce our risk.

The charity, Race Against Dementia, has outlined twelve risk factors that can help to reduce the likelihood of developing it in mid or later life. They say that if these are all mitigated worldwide, it could reduce future cases of dementia by 40 percent.

The first, and only early-life factor is education. According to the charity, “higher and longer lasting education is proven [to] improve cognitive performance”.

In midlife, hearing loss, hypertension (high blood pressure), obesity and a high alcohol intake are all cited as factors we can mitigate against.

Furthermore, the charity recommends that living in an area with high levels of air pollution, such as large cities, or an area where you are socially isolated will increase your risk.

Despite these risk factors, the positive message to get across is that these are all factors that, for the most part, are in your control and that, even if you’re in mid-life, you still have time to change and adapt.

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