Younger develop more and more heavy COVID-19-diseases
More and more younger adults are developing severe COVID-19-diseases that take a fatal course. Some new research tried to find possible reasons for this increase.
In the current study by the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) have examined possible causes, due to the increasingly younger adults severe diseases, such as, for example, COVID-19 develop. The results of the investigation were published in the English journal “Journal of Adolescent Health”.
Data from approximately 8,400 people were evaluated
For the study, data from a sample of approximately 8,400 men and women at the age of 18 were analyzed up to 25 years. The researchers came to the conclusion that 33 percent of men and 30 percent of women with a specific medical risk existed. The effects of Smoking are other, less common risks, übertafen the research reports.
More younger adults in hospitals
So far did not take into account data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggest that people in the old meadows are over 65 years significantly more likely to be hospitalized than younger people, however, this gap seems to reduce. When comparing the hospital admissions of young people aged 18 to 29 years of age and people over 65 years of age were of 18. Of April to the 27. June an increase in hospital admissions of young adults persons to 299 percent gave. In the same period, the increase in hospital admissions of older adults people are at 139 percent, the Team reported.
What are the risk factors played a role?
The researchers determined the present health risk on the basis of the CDC identified indicators. These include heart disease, Diabetes, Asthma, immune diseases (such as Lupus, gout, rheumatoid Arthritis), liver disease, obesity, and Smoking, among others. In addition, the use of E-cigarettes, the tobacco and cigar consumption were taken into account. Factors that were associated according to the researchers, negative effects on the respiratory and immune function clearly with night.
Smoking increases risk for severe COVID-19 disease
Since there are risk factors there were no data on the relative impact of each of the CDC, used the research group, an estimate of the medical risk, in the case of at least one of the indicators as an outcome variable was used, and not a cumulative assessment of the indicators. With this method, the risk for each indicator has a rating, wherein for Smoking people, for example, 100 percent for a severe course of COVID-19 were susceptible.
Smoking has a great influence on the course of COVID-19
Most notable among the results was, according to the researchers, the medical risk in the 6.741 smoke persons was 16.1 percent, compared with 31.5 percent for the full sample of 8.405 young adults, including smokers. The results suggest that Smoking is associated with a higher likelihood of progression from COVID-19, including an increased risk of severe disease, of admission to the intensive care unit or premature death, according to the research team.
Smoking increases risk for chronic diseases
“You can have Smoking in young adults, in which the Rates for most chronic diseases in General, are low, a significant impact,” says study author Dr. Sally Adams, of UC San Francisco, in a press release. A previous study had shown that the number of Smoking among younger people seems to be increasing again.
Reduction of Smoking would be appropriate
The statistical risk for major diseases have halved, if Smoking were removed from the sample examined, explained study author Dr. Charles Irwin Jr. Of the of UC San Francisco. Efforts, the Smoking and to reduce E-cigarette consumption among young adults, would be likely to reduce their vulnerability to serious illnesses, adds the expert.
Gender differences in severe disease
In terms of vulnerability to serious diseases, some gender were found to have specific differences. In the case of women, 10 per cent compared to 7.3 per cent) was increased compared to men, the probability of Asthma (that is, the risk of obesity was higher (3.3 percent compared to 2.6 percent) and the probability of immune diseases was also increased (3.2 percent compared with 1.6 percent).
Women smoked less often
It was encouraging that significantly fewer young women smoked, which was associated with a medical risk of 29.7 per cent, whereas among young men the Smoking state with a medical risk of 33.3 per cent. (as)