Years ago, completed his training, affect the health still
That Sport has a significant impact on our health, is known for a long time. What has been shown in a new study, is amazing. Researchers from the USA found that self-training, we have graduated years ago, can today affect our health and improve.
Sport not only has short-term health effects
Health experts highlighted the importance of Sport for our bodies. So regular exercise can help you lose weight and help to reduce the risk for cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure or heart attack. As researchers now have found out, to keep the health benefits by physical activity for much longer than previously thought. Even years after the training, the positive effects remain intact.
Movement brings sustainable benefits
The training that we have completed this years ago, can affect our health today and improve.
A new study on the current life and health of people who have participated in prior years of the study, the results of which, at the time, in the journal “Medicine &…shows. Science in Sports & Exercise“ have been published.
The new results suggest that the benefits of exercise can not be sustainable, as many would expect, even if people exercise the same degree as before.
As the New York Times (NYT) reported, can depend on the effects but also of the nature and extent of the training.
The positive effect of training remains in the long term?
According to the report in the medical health consequences from experiments lasting often.
Thus, participants had previous Diabetes-Try whose blood sugar was controlled by diet, medication or other methods strictly, often years later, a better heart health as a diabetic outside of the study, although the blood glucose level of the subjects was increased in the meantime.
However, it was not known whether the studies, which deal with movement, similar to the long-term effects are noticeable.
From other scientific and discouraging personal experience we know, however, that a majority of our Fitness and the associated health benefits will be lost if we reduce the Sport or stop to train.
However, there remains really no positive effect of the training in the long term?
This is a question scientists from the Duke University in Durham (the U.S. state of North Carolina) employees. The majority of these researchers was already involved in a previous study, which ran from 1998 to 2003.
At that time, hundreds of participants with Obesity in the context of the so-called Strride (Studies Targeting Risk Reduction Interventions through Defined Exercise) participated in different training programs and were monitored by the researchers.
In the case of the subjects showed, in contrast to those of the non-active control group – improvements in the measured health markers, Fitness, blood pressure, insulin sensitivity, and waist circumference.
Continuation of the investigation after ten-year break
According to the experiments of the study were released, participants. Only ten years later, the scientists took up again contact to you.
More than a hundred of these people came back for new Tests of your aerobic Fitness and metabolic health to the lab.
They filled out questionnaires about their current health condition and your medication and how often each week they trained.
The results of the new investigation were published recently in the journal “Frontiers in Physiology”.
Study participants were even after years fitter
As the researchers noted, had most of the men and women from the control group, which had trained ten years ago, now larger waist, while the athletes showed that, compared to the period of the first investigation, little or no waist expansion.
In addition, the participants from the control group, were now less fit. Most of them had lost about ten percent of their aerobic capacity.
According to the NYT, this is typical, since most people lose from the age of 40 years, every year approximately one percent of their Fitness.
However, the subjects who had been trained during the first study, eight months of vigorous, remained much more powerful.
On average, their aerobic capacity was decreased in comparison to the time that they had participated in the Strride study, only about five percent, and the few that details to have a minimum of four times per week trained, were now fitter than a decade ago.
Interestingly, not rails, the Strride subjects, moderate Training completed, seemingly the same durable Fitness to have benefits as those who had more training.
Most of them had lost in the last decade, about ten percent of their aerobic capacity, similar to how the persons of the control group.
On the other hand, they showed surprisingly lasting improvements in their metabolic health, more than the intense Exercisers.
They still had a healthier blood pressure and higher insulin sensitivity than ever before participated in Strride part, even if you trained now rare.
In addition, they also had a healthier metabolism than the men and women who had trained all those years ago intensive.
A Lasting Impact
Overall, these results suggest that “exercise is a potent Modulator for the health, and that some of the effects could be permanent,” says William Kraus, Professor of medicine and cardiology at Duke University who supervised the new study.
However, the impact may also differ, depending on how hard someone trains, the skilled in the art.
A high stamina build and maintain, we need to sweat, and may continue to affect us. But in order to improve our metabolic health, it will be sufficient for a walk probably.
Of course, this study does not explain how movement changes our body in a sustainable manner. According to Dr. Kraus, we could build part of a physiological Reserve.
If the aerobic capacity is increased or the insulin sensitivity can be improved with physical activity, these effects while later with inactivity and age, but you can cut this better as if you have never trained.
Training is also likely to be a lasting influence on our genes and cells that affect health, says Dr. Kraus.
He and his colleagues hope to be able to the open questions in future studies to examine, so that we can better assess how physical Training affects in the past in our bodies until far into the future. (ad)